Triptych - Hades and Persephone

Maker

(Artists)
1886-1980

Title

Triptych - Hades and Persephone

Date of Production

(January to July) 1950

Medium

oil and tempera on canvas

Dimensions

Height: 238 cm (canvas)
Width: 233.8 cm (canvas)

Accession Number

P.1978.PG.210.1

Mode of Acquisition

Count Antoine Seilern, bequest, 1978

Credit

The Courtauld, London (Samuel Courtauld Trust)

Copyright

© Fondation Oskar Kokoschka / DACS 2023

Location

Not currently on display

Keywords







Label Text

This work was commissioned by the collector Count Antoine Seilern (1901-1978) for the entrance hall ceiling of his London house, 56 Princes Gate, in South Kensington. Seilern had begun to collect Kokoschka’s work during the Second World War when both men were living in London as Austrian émigrés, having escaped Nazi occupation in Central Europe. After the war, Princes Gate became a centre for scholars and students who came to see Seilern’s important Old Master paintings and drawings. The Prometheus Triptych offered a powerful statement of Kokoschka’s commitment to continuing the Baroque traditions of artists such as Rubens and Tiepolo whose work formed the central part of the Princes Gate collection.

In The Prometheus Triptych, Kokoschka revives Baroque qualities of vigorous figural movement and emotional intensity. His turbulent brushwork and use of plunging perspectives pulls the viewer into its pictorial space. By doing so, he hoped to counter contemporary trends towards abstract art, which he saw as two dimensional and coldly rational, lacking the emotional values which he regarded as essential for the survival of humanity and civilisation.

At the centre of the triptych is an explosive image of the biblical Apocalypse. This is flanked on the left by mythological scenes of Persephone escaping from Hades, and on the right by the punishment of Prometheus. Kokoschka intended this potent combination of subject matter to be a warning of the dangers of ‘man’s intellectual arrogance’. The recent experience of the Second World War convinced Kokoschka that civilisation had lost sight of compassion and its humanity in the pursuit of technological and scientific advancement. The Prometheus Triptych was painted in the belief that art had the potential to open the eyes of society to this impending crisis.

Provenance

Commissioned from the artist in 1950 by Count Antoine Seilern (1901-1978); Princes Gate Bequest 1978.

Exhibition History

Special Display - Oskar Kokoschka: The Prometheus Triptych, The Courtauld Gallery, London, 18/11/2021-22/09/2022

OK - Expressionist, Migrant, European: Oskar Kokoschka Retrospective, Kunsthaus, Zurich, 14/12/2018-10/03/2019; Leopold Museum, Vienna, 04/04/2019-08/07/2019

Part of general displays, Kunsthaus, Zurich, 20/09/2017-31/07/2020 ...More

Oskar Kokosckha - The Prometheus Triptych, The Courtauld Gallery & Somerset House & London & England, 29/06/2006-17/09/2006

Kokoschka - Prints, Illustrated Books and Drawings in the
Princes Gate Collection
, The Courtauld Gallery, London, 09/09/1992-28/10/1992

Oskar Kokoschka, Kunsthalle & Hamburg & Germany, 01/03/1986-01/04/1986

Kokoschka, Tate Gallery, London, 1962

XXVIth Biennale, XXVIth Biennale, Venice, 1952 ...Less

Literature

Kokoschka - Prints, Illustrated Books and Drawings in the Princes Gate Collection, The Courtauld Gallery, London, 1992
cat. no. 21
Fig. p. p. 66

Kokoschka, Tate Gallery, London, 1962
cat. no. 137
Fig. p. pl. 32

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